For the Roman period the collections reflect the existence of two tribal capitals, Calleva Atrebatum (Silchester) and (Venta Belgarum) Winchester, as well as high status villas and more lowly farmsteads. Finds range from mosaic pavements at Rockbourne and from Sparsholt (on show at Winchester City Museum) and Fullerton (displayed at Andover) to personal items such as jewellery and coinage.
Rockbourne Roman Villa has a particularly fine range of material, including what remains of a hoard of 7,717 late 3rd century coins, but is eclipsed by the finds from the tribal capitals. Venta Belgarum was the fifth largest town in Britain and is particularly renowned for the finds and skeletal remains from its extramural cemeteries. One particular burial featured in a 'Meet the Ancestors' programme and the reconstruction of his face, kindly donated by the BBC, is on show at Winchester City Museum.
Calleva Atrebatum has produced the wealth of evidence that one would expect from a Roman town site excavated in detail over the past forty years. Personal items, building materials, military gear and waterlogged deposits all contribute to a remarkably detailed picture of five centuries of occupation.
Other Roman finds reflect industrious crossroads settlements, isolated shrines, pottery kilns and high status rural burials which have produced striking finds such as the Selborne enameled cup, or a gaming board and a complement of over fifty pottery vessels.